Today in History: Today is Thursday, December 23, the 357th day of 2021.

Today’s highlight in history:

On December 23, 1783, George Washington resigned his post as Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army and retired to his home in Mount Vernon, Virginia.

To this date :

In 1788, Maryland passed a law ceding an area “not exceeding ten square miles” for the seat of national government; about two-thirds of the area became the District of Columbia.

In 1928, the National Broadcasting Company created a permanent network from coast to coast.

In 1941, during World War II, American forces on Wake Island surrendered to the Japanese.

In 1948, former Japanese Prime Minister Hideki Tojo and six other Japanese warlords were executed in Tokyo.

In 1954, the first successful human kidney transplant took place at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston as a surgical team removed a kidney from Ronald Herrick, 23, and implanted it in Herrick’s twin brother, Richard. .

In 1962, Cuba began releasing prisoners from the failed Bay of Pigs invasion under an agreement in which Cuba received more than $ 50 million worth of food and medical supplies.

In 1968, 82 crew members of the US intelligence ship Pueblo were freed by North Korea, 11 months after their capture.

In 1972, a magnitude 6.2 earthquake struck Nicaragua; the disaster left some 5,000 dead.

In 1986, the Voyager experimental aircraft, piloted by Dick Rutan (ruh-TAN ‘) and Jeana (JEE’-nuh) Yeager, flew the first round-the-world non-stop and out of fuel as it returned safely to Edwards. Air Force Base in California.

In 1993, “Philadelphia”, the first major Hollywood film on AIDS, was released in theaters.

In 1997, a Denver federal jury convicted Terry Nichols of manslaughter and conspiracy for his role in the Oklahoma City bombing, refusing to convict him of murder. (Nichols was sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole.)

In 2001, Time magazine named New York Mayor Rudy Giuliani Personality of the Year for his steadfast response to the 9/11 terrorist attack.

In 2003, a jury in Chesapeake, Va., Sentenced sniper Lee Boyd Malvo to life in prison, sparing him the death penalty.

Ten years ago: After days of stalemate and resentment, Congress approved a two-month renewal of payroll tax cuts for 160 million workers and unemployment benefits for millions; President Barack Obama immediately signed the bill. Two car bombs detonated in Damascus outside the heavily guarded premises of Syrian intelligence agencies, killing at least 44 people and injuring dozens more in a brazen attack on powerful security directorates.

Five years ago: The United States authorized the UN Security Council to condemn Israeli settlements in the West Bank and East Jerusalem as a “flagrant violation” of international law; the decision to abstain from the board’s 14-0 vote was one of the biggest US reprimands from its longtime ally in recent memory. Actor and writer Carrie Fisher was rushed to a Los Angeles hospital after suffering a serious medical emergency on an international flight; she died four days later at the age of 60.

A year ago: Pfizer announced that it would provide the U.S. government with an additional 100 million doses of its COVID-19 vaccine as part of a new deal between the pharmaceutical giant and the Trump administration. Two new studies have provided encouraging evidence that having had COVID-19 may offer some protection against future infections. After months of battling the coronavirus, New York firefighters began vaccinating their own limbs, starting with frontline paramedics who had responded to more than a million emergency medical calls in the area. New York City in 2020.

Today’s Birthdays: Actor Ronnie Schell is 90 years old. Former Emperor Akihito of Japan is 88 years old. Actor Frederic Forrest is 85 years old. Rock musician Jorma Kaukonen is 81 years old. Actor-comedian Harry Shearer is 78 years old. US Army General Wesley K. Clark (retired) is 77 years old. Actress Susan Lucci is 75 years old.

Singer-musician Adrian Belew is 72 years old. Rock musician Dave Murray (Iron Maiden) is 65. Actor Joan Severance is 63 years old. Singer Terry Weeks is 58 years old. Rock singer Eddie Vedder (Pearl Jam) is 57 years old. The former first lady of France, Carla Bruni-Sarkozy, is 54 years old. Rock musician Jamie Murphy is 46 years old. Jazz musician Irvin Mayfield is 44 years old. Actor Estella Warren is 43 years old. Actor Elvy Yost is 34 years old. Actor Anna Maria Perez de Tagle (TAG’-lee) is 31 years old. Actor Spencer Daniels is 29 years old. Actor Caleb Foote is 28.

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